The First Presentation of Pediatric COVID-19 With Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Unique Case Report

Document Type: Case Report

Authors

1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

2 Shahid Ghaazi General Polyclinic, Sanandaj, Iran

3 Chemical Injuries Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), or COVID-19, is a pandemic infectious disease involved all over the world. Its mortality, especially in cases with additional co-morbidities, is so high that is has attracted the attention of the world. Diabetes mellitus is known as one of its risk factors for mortality.
Case Presentation: A unique case of pediatrics COVID-19 who presented with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is reported in this manuscript as the first presentation. He presented with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. RT-PCR test for COVID-19 via nasal swab was performed, and a positive diagnosis was obtained. Chest CT scan confirmed the diagnosis with multifocal bilateral patchy consolidation. Case was discharged after usual treatment of COVID-19.
Conclusion: In pediatrics, this disease can be subtle and have a confusion presentation, but it should be controlled to avoid spread of the disease.

Keywords