Medical Travel: The Ethical and Legal Challenges

Document Type: Review Article

Authors

1 Health Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

5 Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Medical tourism is a term referring to the people traveling to other countries to obtain medical care. Like any other rapid growing indus­try, medical tourism has prompted ethical and legal issues. These issues are mainly pertained to malpractice and consumer protection. Beside these, risk management, foreign hospital liabilities, international ad­vocacy, facility ownership, intellectual property, organ trafficking and ethical issues are other matters that should be addressed. Travel medi­cine also contains alternative medicine and telemedicine. Therefore, comprehensive and detailed legal regulations should be performed to govern mentioned issues. Otherwise, in future this industry will face serious challenges.

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