Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2): Epidemiology and Vaccinology in Nigeria

Document Type : Review Article

Authors

1 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

2 Department of Microbiology, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos State, Nigeria

3 Department of Microbiology, Olabisi Obasanjo University, Ogun state, Nigeria

4 Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly, U.P, India

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), confirmed as the global pandemic on March 11, 2020, by the World Health Organization (WHO), was caused by the outbreak of an emergent severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which was first reported in Wuhan city, China, in December 2019. Based on the previous pandemic, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) from 2002 to 2003, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in 2012. The scientific developments have fast-tracked our insights SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology, likewise vaccinology relevant for developing drugs for viral infections treatment. As there are not many detailed interventions and vaccines available for disease control, the pandemic COVID-19 poses countless threats to global public health, causing a great level of insecurity and unrest worldwide. To provide an inclusive overview to global health authorities and prospective readers worldwide, we detailed in this review the epidemiology and vaccinology of SARS-CoV-2 in Nigeria.

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