SARS-CoV2 Infection of Athletes in Brazilian Soccer Competitions: Lessons from Recent Events Worldwide and the Return of Fans to Stadiums

Document Type : Letter to Editor


1 Laboratórios de Investigação Médica (LIM49) Hospital das Clínicas HCFMUSP, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05400300, Brazil

2 CNPQ Research Group, Aspectos Epidemiológicos, Clínicos, Moleculares e Celulares de Moléstias Infecciosas, São Paulo, Brazil

3 CNPQ Research Group, Educação Física na Promoção da Saúde, Intervenções Pedagógicas e ações nos Esportes, São Paulo, Brazil

4 Post-Graduation Program in Health Sciences, Santo Amaro University, Rua Prof. Enéas de Siqueira Neto, 340, São Paulo, 04829-300, Brazil


Soccer activities in Brazil are in the eminency of returning with the public. The fans’ return was the choice of 18 of the 20 clubs in the first division, even though high transmission rates are described between the athletes. Additionally, preventive measures are still not being taken considerably, both in relation to the athletes and the fans at stadium entrances. Although vaccination rates have been advancing, most low-income countries are still not with desirable vaccination rates for herd immunity. The absence of preventive measures and the returning of soccer activities are a concerning issue for returning. The paper by Ruiz-Lozano et al, highlights this finding, that both deaths and cases of deaths by Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2) have considerably increased during the European Soccer Championship.1 However, preventive measures alone may be quite interesting to avoid SARS-CoV-2 transmission, which justifies the public’s non-return. Considering only athletes, the paper by Krug et al,2 described that some preventive measures taken were able to reduce the spread of SARS-CoV-2 (ice hockey athletes), and resulted in zero cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the athletes, considering a total time bigger than 500 practices and games and at least 15. 858 athlete-hours. Krug et al, highlight that the transmission appears to be more likely in congested indoor areas involving adults than in the game space.2 Therefore, we highlight the importance of a protocol that considers fewer opportunities for crowded

 indoor areas (e.g., not using changing rooms in stadiums, but using bathrooms in hotel rooms that delegations have concentrated; transport in vehicles for small groups or even just with a driver; food in an individual environment, such as in the hotel room) should be a rule to be accomplished by athletes and organizers of these events. We highlight that if the transmission control with a few dozen athletes is difficult to control, we should increase transmission rates considering thousands of fans in the ten stadiums that host games in the Brazilian championship. Additionally, Krug et al reported that during the 18 weeks of follow-up of the ice hockey tournament, high stringency preventive measures protocols reduced to zero cases of SARS-CoV2 transmission. This finding supports how the need of preventive measures to avoid transmission.2 (Read more...)

  • Receive Date: 24 December 2021
  • Revise Date: 24 January 2021
  • Accept Date: 16 February 2022
  • First Publish Date: 16 February 2022