Hepatitis B Infection and Social Stigma: a study in Tehran

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



Introduction: Millions of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) affected people live around the world. Although, the progress in vaccination and treatment has been changed the picture of hepatitis B . According, hepatitis b health-related stigma as a barrier for health service use, still shows its important role. The current study aimed to understand the social knowledge and stigma of HBV in a selected community of Iran.
Method: Based on a well-defined study design and through the cross-sectional hospital-based study ,we recruited 860 hepatitis B affected people. After informing about the purpose of the research, each men or women that referred to these hospitals and were satisfied could enter the study. Interviews were carried out with individuals’ informed consent. Stigma and knowledge questionnaire need to be finished independently within a 20-minues. . We applied The EMIC stigma scale for evaluating the stigma. The mean , standard deviation and multiple linear regression models was used to analysis the data that carried out with SPSS 21 software.
Result: The 860 participants (39.88% males ,60.11% females) were entered. The distribution of age among respondents were 32.43±8.1 years. The total mean score of stigma in this study was 3.86 that was greater than 2 represents a strong perception among participants. Also, in some domains such as the shame or embarrassment, worthless considering, believe in adverse effect on others, community avoidance and refuse to get patients home, disclosure and marriage, the score of stigma was apparently heavier than the other domains.
Conclusion: A lot of health care promotions have been occurred in the area where the hepatitis B isn’t endemic area but stigma still a remained concern. This study showed that there is a relationship between the stigma, knowledge of people, being single, unemployment and younger age of affected people.


Volume 10, Issue 4 - Serial Number 39
December 2022
Pages 169-173
  • Receive Date: 26 October 2022
  • Revise Date: 15 November 2022
  • Accept Date: 16 November 2022
  • First Publish Date: 18 November 2022