Document Type: Systematic Review
Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Nursing Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IR Iran
Introduction: Nursing students require highly specialized competencies to accurately determine patients' states and to predict and cope with problems that may occur during nursing care. This study explores the definition, domains, and levels of nursing students' competency.
Methods: This study was a systematic review of nursing students’ competencies in English (ISI, SCOPUS, Ovid, Proquest, Iranmedex, Google scholar, PubMed) and Persian (Scientific Information Database) databases (1985–2015), according to the University of York Center for Reviewers and Dissemination Guidance approach, 2008.
Results: From a total of 13,115 articles, 20 were retrieved in the final step. The individual experiences, dynamic process, and positive interactive social and beneficial changes in the equality of one’s professional life that cause meta-cognitive abilities, touch reality, motivation, decision making, job involvement, professional authority, self-confidence, knowledge and professional skills formulated the definition of nursing students' competency. Educational, cultural, individual, professional and inter-professional, research, clinical and practical domains were defined as belonging to nursing students' competency. Seven nursing student competency levels were identified.
Conclusion: Although the definitions of competency, its domains, and its levels vary by profession and country, this systematic review demonstrated the comprehensive ones in three scopes. However, more research is needed to examine the three scopes in the nursing student competency concept.