Document Type : Original Article
Department of Health Services Management, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IR Iran
Introduction: Today, access to healthcare is considered a major indicator of community health. Telemedicine technology is an opportunity to increase access and improve the quality of healthcare in a country's development of a healthcare system. The establishment of a telemedicine system and the provision of healthcare in this way require a proper infrastructure, and multiple factors must be considered. This study investigated the areas of establishing telemedicine and the factors affecting its success in the Health Department of Iran’s oil industry.
Methods: This study is objective and analytical (non-experimental) and used the research-applied method to collect information. The statistic community included all professionals and personnel of the Health Department of Iran’s oil industry in 2014-2015. The establishment background and success factors of telemedicine provision were explored based on the study of 341 health experts and professionals. Data was analyzed by SPSS16 and Lisral Software.
Results: The results show that both variables, i.e. establishment background (0.63) and organizational effectiveness factors (0.52), had a significant positive effect on the successful implementation of a telemedicine provision system. Furthermore, the factors of successful establishment of a telemedicine system (0.67) had a significant effect. Among the establishment background factors, financial structure (0.87) had the most significant effect on the successful establishment of a telemedicine system. Among the factors influencing success, organizational regulations and rules (0.83) were the most significant.
Conclusion: Based on the results of the current study, it is clear that giving the same attention to the establishment background and organizational effectiveness factors will lead to the successful implementation of telemedicine. It is recommended that the managers and policy makers of the country's health sector use and implement telemedicine in other areas as well. With proper planning, this could lead to increased community access to health services, savings in human and financial resources in the healthcare system, and reduced healthcare costs.