Travel Medicine: A Systematic Review

Document Type: Review Article

Authors

1 Student Research Committee, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

2 Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Travel medicine is devoted to the health of travelers who visit foreign countries. It is an interdisciplinary specialty concerned not only with prevention of infectious diseases during travel but also with the personal safety of travelers and the avoidance of environmental risks.
Methods: This review examines 15 appropriate papers by PRISMA from 28 papers searched in PubMed via the NCBI Entrez system.
Results: A traveler’s health and safety depends on a practitioner’s level of expertise in providing pretravel counseling and vaccinations, if required.
Conclusion: The standards of medical care given to travelers before, during and after travel should be as high as those practiced in every other field of medicine.

Keywords


1.   Steffen R, Wilson ME. Fifty years of travel medicine epidemiology: what have we learnt? International health. 2015.

2.   Bouchaud O. [Travel medicine: a case-by-case risk and benefit analysis for the traveler]. Rev Prat. 2015;65(4):475-8.

3.   Bauer IL. Looking over the fence-how travel medicine can benefit from tourism research. J Travel Med. 2015;22(3):206-7.

4.   Auer R, Voumard R, Benaroyo L, Genton B. [Risk communication in travel medicine]. Rev Med Suisse. 2015;11(473):8-11.

5.   Aw B, Boraston S, Botten D, Cherniwchan D, Fazal H, Kelton T, et al. Travel medicine: what's involved? When to refer?. Can Fam Physician. 2014;60(12):1091-103.

6.   Han CT, Flaherty G. Profile of Travelers With Preexisting Medical Conditions Attending a Specialist Travel Medicine Clinic in Ireland. J Travel Med. 2015.

7.   Hagmann S, Benavides V, Neugebauer R, Purswani M. Travel health care for immigrant children visiting friends and relatives abroad: retrospective analysis of a hospital-based travel health service in a US urban underserved area. J Travel Med. 2009;16(6):407-12.

8.   Ulu-Kilic A, Doganay M. An overview: tularemia and travel medicine. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2014;12(6 Pt A):609-16.

9.   Furrer H, Staehelin C, Landolt R, Hatz C. [Travel medicine -- more than an immunization checklist]. Ther Umsch. 2013;70(6):309-12.

10. Angell SY, Cetron MS. Health disparities among travelers visiting friends and relatives abroad. Ann Intern Med. 2005;142(1):67-72.

11. Baggett HC, Graham S, Kozarsky PE, Gallagher N, Blumensaadt S, Bateman J, et al. Pretravel health preparation among US residents traveling to India to VFRs: importance of ethnicity in defining VFRs. J Travel Med. 2009;16(2):112-8.

12. Barrett-Connor E. Travelers' Diarrhea. Calif Med. 1973;118(3):1-4.

13. Canadian recommendations for the prevention and treatment of malaria among international travellers--2009. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2009;35 Suppl 1:1-82.

14. An Advisory Committee Statement (ACS). Statement on travellers' diarrhea. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2001;27:1-12.

15. Boggild AK, Castelli F, Gautret P, Torresi J, von Sonnenburg F, Barnett ED, et al. Vaccine preventable diseases in returned international travelers: results from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Vaccine. 2010;28(46):7389-95.

16. Angell SY, Behrens RH. Risk assessment and disease prevention in travelers visiting friends and relatives. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2005;19(1):49-65.

17. Hill DR, Ericsson CD, Pearson RD, Keystone JS, Freedman DO, Kozarsky PE, et al. The practice of travel medicine: guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;43(12):1499-539.

18. Keystone JS, Kozarsky P, Freedman DO, Nothdurft HD, Connor BA. Travel medicine: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2012.

19. Steffen R, DuPont HL, Wilder-Smith A. Manual of travel medicine and health: PMPH-USA; 2007.

20. Steffen R. Travel medicine--prevention based on epidemiological data. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1991;85(2):156-62.