Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors among the Nurse Population in the East of Iran

Document Type: Short Communication

Authors

1 Atherosclerosis and Coronary Artery Research Centre, Birjand University of Medical Sciences (BUMS), Birjand, Iran

2 Hepatitis Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences (BUMS), Birjand, Iran

3 Student Research Committee, Birjand University of Medical Sciences (BUMS), Birjand, Iran

4 Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The present study was planned to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among nurses.

Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was done on employed nurses in Birjand in 2011. At first, complete clinical examinations were done; including height, weight, waist circumference, and blood pressure in standard ways. Then, 5cc blood of each subject, after a 12 hour fasting, was taken in order to measure FBS and lipid profile. A questionnaire inquiring demographic information and history of previous cardiovascular risk factors was filled out. At the end data were analyzed by T test in SPSS software (V.15).

Results: The mean age of the subject was 40.6±7.2 yrs. The most prevalent risk factor were dyslipidemia, overweight, and central obesity (70.4%, 40%, and 37.7% respectively). Dyslipidemia and smoking in men, and obesity in women were more prevalent.

Conclusion: The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors were high in nurses despite the adequate specialized knowledge about these risk factors.

Keywords


  1. Kazemi T, Sharifzadeh G, Zarban A, Fesharakinia A.Comparison of components of metabolic syndrome in premature myocardial infarction in an Iranian population: a case -control study. Int J Prev Med. 2013;4(1):110-4
  2. Jamali SM,Izadi M. Deaths: leading causes for 2011-2012. Int J Travel Med Glob Health.2014;2(2):69-80
  3. Yusuf S, Vaz M, Pais P. Tackling the challenge of cardiovascular disease burden in developing countries. Am Heart J. 2004;148(1):1-4.
  4. Shara N. Cardiovascular disease in Middle Eastern women. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2010;20(6):412-8.
  5. Musaiger AO. Diet and prevention of coronary heart disease in the Arab Middle East countries. Med Princ Pract. 2002;11(Suppl. 2):9-16.
  6. Kazemi T, Sharifzadeh G, Hosseinaii F. Epidemiology of Trend of Acute Myocardial Infraction in Birjand between 2002-2006 years. Iran J Epidemiol. 2009;4(3):35-41. Persian
  7. Abolhassani S, Irani MD, Sarrafzadegan N, Rabiei K, Shahrokhi S, Pourmoghaddas Z, et al. Barriers and facilitators of weight management in overweight and obese people: Qualitative findings of TABASSOM project. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Rese. 2012;17(3):205.
  8. Ghazanfari Z, Alizadeh M, Azizzadeh Furozi M, Bahodini N. Prevalence of coronary artery diseases risk factors in Kerman. Iran J Crit Care Nurs. 2010;3(1):29-32.
  9. Kazemi T, Sharifzadeh GR, Zarban A, Fesharakinia A, Rezvani MR, Moezy SA. Risk factors for premature myocardial infarction: a matched case-control study. J Res Health Sci.  2011;11(2):77-82.
  10. Abazari P, Vanaki Z, Mohammadi E, Amini M. Challenges of training diabetes nurse educator in Iran. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2012;17(3):187-94.
  11. Yousefi H, Karami A, Moeini M, Ganji H. Effectiveness of nursing interventions based on family needs on family satisfaction in the neurosurgery intensive care unit. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2012;17(4):296.
  12. Burns K, Gross B, Zanin M. Cardiovascular risk study: a comparison between northeast Ohio cardiovascular nurses and the nation. J Community Health Nurs. 2010;27(4):187-96.
  13. Fair JM, Gulanick M, Braun LT. Cardiovascular risk factors and lifestyle habits among preventive cardiovascular nurses. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2009;24(4):277-86.
  14. Miller SK, Alpert PT, Cross CL. Overweight and obesity in nurses, advanced practice nurses, and nurse educators. J Am Acad Nurs Pract. 2008;20(5):259-65.
  15. Jaarsma T, Stewart S, De Geest S, Fridlund B, Johanna H, Mårtensson J, et al. A survey of coronary risk factors and B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in cardiac nurses from Europe: do nurses still practice what they preach? Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2004;3(1):3-6.
  16. Hadaegh F, Khalili D, Ghasemi A, Tohidi M, Sheikholeslami F, Azizi F. Triglyceride/HDL-cholesterol ratio is an independent predictor for coronary heart disease in a population of Iranian men. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2009;19(6):401-8.
  17. Azizi F, Rahmani M, Emami H, Mirmiran P, Hajipour R, Madjid M, et al. Cardiovascular risk factors in an Iranian urban population: Tehran lipid and glucose study (phase 1). Soz Praventivmed. 2002;47(6):408-26.
  18. Kazemi T, Sadeghi-Khorashad M, Salehi-Give A. Evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors in drivers of heavy vehicles in the South Khorasan (2009-2010). J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2013;19(6):26-32. Persian
  19. Kalantari F, Hovsepian S, Haghighi S, Amini M. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 1 diabetes in Isfahan, Iran. Iran J Diabetes Lipid Disord. 2007;6(3):255-62. Persian
  20. Sadeghi M, Roohafza H, Aghdak P, Kelishadi R, Shirani S. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among women of central parts of Iran: Isfahan Healthy Heart Program. J Qazvin Univ Med Scie. 2005;9(2):76-83. Persian
  21. Hosseini S, Zabihi A, Bijani A. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in elderly population in Amirshahr (2007). Iran J Ageing. 2009;4(11):46-52. Persian
  22. Esteghamati A, Meysamie A, Khalilzadeh O, Rashidi A, Haghazali M, Asgari F, et al. Third national surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases (SuRFNCD-2007) in Iran: methods and results on prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, obesity, central obesity, and dyslipidemia. BMC Public Health. 2009;9(1):167.
  23. Ayatollahi S, Ghoreshizadeh Z. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among adults in Iran. Obe Rev. 2010;11(5):335-7.
  24. Ramachandran A, Wan Ma RC, Snehalatha C. Diabetes in Asia. Lancet. 2010;375(9712):408-18.
  25. Sluijs I, Beulens JW, Spijkerman AM, Grobbee DE, Van der Schouw YT. Dietary intake of total, animal, and vegetable protein and risk of type 2 diabetes in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-NL study. Diabetes Care. 2010;33(1):43-8.
  26. Ayatollahi SMT, Ghoreshizadeh Z. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among adults in Iran. Obes Rev. 2010;11(5):335-7.
  27. Guh DP, Zhang W, Bansback N, Amarsi Z, Birmingham CL, Anis AH. The incidence of co-morbidities related to obesity and overweight: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Public Health. 2009;9(1):88.
  28. Kaur G, Singh SP, Singh AP. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in urban and rural women of Punjab. Hum Bio Rev. 2013;2(4):306-13.
  29. Basagoudar S, Chandrashekhar R. study of obesity and its risk factors among women of reproductive age group. Int J Cur Res Rev. 2013;5(3):23-8.
  30. Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, Dietz WH, Vinicor F, Bales VS, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA. 2003;289(1):76-9.
  31. Agheli N, Assefzadeh S, Rajabi M. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among population aged over 30 years in Rasht and Qazvin. J Qazvin Univ Med Scie. 2005;9(2):59-65. Persian
  32. Jardim TV, Sousa AL, Povoa TR, Barroso WS, Chinem B, Jardim PC . Comparison of cardiovascular risk factors in different areas of health care over a 20-year period. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2014;103(6):493-501.