Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoghi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Lecturer, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Rasht, Iran
Introduction: Nowadays, with the advancement of technology and industrial life, the prevalence of heart diseases including coronary artery diseases has considerably increased. Coronary artery diseases are one of the most common and serious diseases that threaten human life.
Methods: The present study is a comparative-descriptive research. The statistical population were 188 patients admitted in surgery ward of Rasht medical centers to receive coronary artery bypass graft surgery in 2012. Data gathered by questionnaire individual information and risk factors of coronary artery disease, and analyzed by SPSS software.
Results: In this study in both youth and adults groups, 38.30% had smoking history and 42% had the positive family history of heart disease. According to Chi-square test, there was no significant difference among risk factors of smoking, hypertension, hyperglycemia, higher level of LDL, elevated triglycerides, and age of the participants (P> 0/05); while there was a significant difference between positive family history of heart disease and age (p<0.005), and also between heart disease history and age (p<0.005). The findings of the present study indicated that in young patients the highest percentage increase in laboratory risk factors and behavioral risk factors belonged to triglycerides (52. 4 %) and smoking (43%), respectively.
Conclusion: It is ultimately concluded that social misconceptions about the refusal of coronary artery heart disease risk factors at the youth age should be changed, and through taking necessary educational measures guide the society towards health promotion, lifestyle changes and modification of coronary artery disease including smoking and triglyceride level.