The COVID-19 Pandemic May Force the World to Reflect on the Pre-pandemic Style of Life

Document Type : Original Article


1 Occupational Therapy Program, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK

2 Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Occupational Therapy Department, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kuwait University, Jabriya, Kuwait

4 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK

5 Occupational Therapist, Amman, Jordan

6 Sadra Occupational Therapy Department, Tehran, Iran



Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a lot of changes on an individual and societal level. The current study was designed to investigate the impact of the isolation/ social distancing period on people’s sense of Being, Belonging, and Becoming at the early stages of the COVID-19 measures.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey study design was employed utilizing a researcher-developed questionnaire with items developed based on the Model of Occupational Wholeness to investigate the changes that may have happened to what people have been doing during the COVID-19 measures compared to the time before. A sample of 1206, using snowball sampling, responded to the online questionnaire.
Results: Findings indicated that participants at the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic had changed the pattern of their doings. The change of pattern, which was considered positive, was in relation to people valuing their health, having more time to take care of themselves, and doing activities which they had never had enough time to do before.
Conclusion: While these findings are not generalizable, they provide some insights into how the post-pandemic lifestyle of many people does not permit doing a lot of activities that could help with their health and well-being. While enforced isolation may have negative consequences, it is also clear that the pre-COVID-19 pandemic lifestyle did not fully support healthy living. Reflecting on the COVID-19 lockdown experience provides an opportunity to review the essential personal and societal elements for living a healthy life.