Prediction of Body Image Dissatisfaction from Self-esteem, Thin-ideal Internalization and Appearance-related Social Comparison


Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: The present study has aimed to demonstrate the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and three variables of self-esteem as a psychological factor along with thin-ideal internalization and appearance-related social comparison as psychosocial factors.

Methods: To conduct this study, 477 Tehran high-school students were recruited by a cluster sampling method. Afterwards, they filled out the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, Appearance Evaluation Subscale, Physical Appearance Comparison Scale as well as Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance Questionnaire-4. Finally, the collected data were analyzed using the Pearson’ correlation coefficient together with the stepwise regression.

Results: Findings were indicative of a direct correlation between body image dissatisfaction and variables of thin-ideal internalization as well as appearance-related social comparisons. Meanwhile, there was a negative correlation between self-esteem and body image dissatisfaction. In addition, self-esteem could better work in assessing body image dissatisfaction. Because, it explains 19% of the variance thereof.

Conclusion: According to the results, it can be concluded that self-esteem plays a central role in predicting body image dissatisfaction. Therefore, health professionals should place a value on such a role while using preventive measures or interventions.


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