Improving Birth Rate in Iran with Minimizing Cesarean Deliveries: Less Maternal Mortality and Better Health and Education for the Next Generation


1 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Health Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 International Travel Medicine Center of Iran, Tehran, Iran

4 Chemical Injuries Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

  1. Barbadoro P, Chiatti C, D'Errico MM, Di Stanislao F, Prospero E. Caesarean delivery in South Italy: women without choice. A cross sectional survey. PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e43906. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043906.
  2. URL<> [Retrieved on 27 Feb 2013].
  3. Ranae F. Reasons for choosing cesarean among women referred to bea’sat hospital of Sanandaj. 2004 URL <;RANAE%20F.;BEHBOOD;FALL%202006;10;3%20(30);277;286 >   [Retrieved on 27 Feb 2013].
  4. Declercq E, Young R, Cabral H, Ecker J. Is a rising cesarean delivery rate inevitable? Trends in industrialized countries, 1987 to 2007. Birth. 2011 Jun;38(2):99-104. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-536X.2010.00459.x.
  5. Liu S, Liston RM, Joseph KS, Heaman M, Sauve R, Kramer MS; Maternal Health Study Group of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System. Maternal mortality and severe morbidity associated with low-risk planned cesarean delivery versus planned vaginal delivery at term. CMAJ. 2007 Feb 13;176(4):455-60.
  6. Schuitemaker N, van Roosmalen J, Dekker G, van Dongen P, van Geijn H, Gravenhorst JB. Maternal mortality after cesarean section in The Netherlands. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1997 Apr;76(4):332-4.
  7. URL<> [Retrieved on 27 Feb 2013].
  8. URL<> [Retrieved on 27 Feb 2013].
  9. URL< > [Retrieved on 27 Feb 2013].
  10. URL< > [Retrieved on 27 Feb 2013].
  11. URL<> [Retrieved on 27 Feb 2013].
  12. Spong CY, Berghella V, Wenstrom KD, Mercer BM, Saade GR. Preventing the first cesarean delivery: summary of a joint Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Workshop. Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Nov;120(5):1181-93. doi: http://10.1097/AOG.0b013e3182704880.
  13. Badakhsh MH, Seifoddin M, Khodakarami N, Gholami R, Moghimi S. Rise in cesarean section rate over a 30-year period in a public hospital in Tehran, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2012 Jan;15(1):4-7. doi: 012151/AIM.004.
  14. Wen SW, Rusen ID, Walker M, Liston R, Kramer MS, Baskett T, Heaman M, Liu S; Maternal Health Study Group, Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System. Comparison of maternal mortality and morbidity between trial of labor and elective cesarean section among women with previous cesarean delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Oct;191(4):1263-9.
  15. Seyed Nouri T, Jamshidi Avanaki F. Assessment of relation between knowledge and attitudes of pregnant women requesting a cesarean delivery in Rasht medical centers and their rationale for choosing Cesarean. Guilan Med J. 2006;15(59):75-84.
  16. Ahmad-Nia S, Delavar B, Eini-Zinab H, Kazemipour S, Mehryar AH, Naghavi M. Caesarean section in the Islamic Republic of Iran: prevalence and some sociodemographic correlates. East Mediterr Health J. 2009 Nov-Dec;15(6):1389-98.
  17. URL< > [Retrieved on 27 Feb 2013].