Zika Virus and Vector Transportation: A Forgotten Issue in Travel Medicine



1 Public Health Curriculum, Surin Rajabhat University, Thailand

2 Hainan Medical University, China

3 Faculty of Medicine, University of Nis, Serbia

4 Joseph Ayobabalola University, Nigeria


The new emerging disease is usually a big problem in medicine. At present, the Zika virus infection is the global public health problem attacking more than 50 countries around the world. This disease can cause dengue, such as clinical problems but also induce the neurological abnormality and congenital syndrome in some infected cases. The infection already occurs worldwide and travelling is mentioned for the relationship to the widespread of the disease. The human travel is mainly considered as the relationship to the disease migration from an endemic setting to new setting causing emerging infectious disease outbreak. Nevertheless, a forgotten issue is the travel of the vector of the disease. In this short editorial, the specific issue on vector importation and relationship to the disease migration and new occurrence in new setting is discussed. In fact, although there are many methods for controlling disease migration, most usually focus on migration of human hosts but very few methods are applied for the vector control. Despite there are some attempts to control vector transportation, the occurrence of vectors in transportation vehicles is still observable. Due to the high volume of international transportation these days, the migration of disease due to the vector transportation can be expected. This is a really interesting forgotten issue in travel medicine... (Read more...)

  1. Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. Zika virus infection and dengue: A new problem in diagnosis in a dengue-endemic area. Ann Trop Med Public Health. 2015;8(4):145-146. doi: 10.4103/1755-6783.162402.
  2. McCloskey B, Endericks T. The rise of Zika infection and microcephaly: what can we learn from a public health emergency? Public Health. 2017;150:87-92. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2017.05.008.
  3. Wiwanitkit V. Zika virus infection and the Olympic Games 2016. Rev Clin Esp. 2017;217(3):178-179. doi: 10.1016/j.rce.2016.12.005.
  4. Vancini RL, Andrade MS, Vancini-Campanharo CR, Barbosa de Lira CA. Zika virus infection, summer Olympic and Paralympic Games in Rio 2016, and sports performance. J Hum Kinet. 2016;53:5-7. doi: 10.1515/hukin-2016-0005.
  5. Warnke K, Paul J. Zika Virus - Impact on the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2016;30(3):154-156. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-110251.
  6. Ahmed QA, Kattan RF, Memish ZA. Hajj 2016: Under the shadow of global Zika spread. Am J Infect Control. 2016;44(12):1449-1450. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2016.09.002.
  7. Al-Tawfiq JA, Gautret P, Benkouiten S, Memish ZA. Mass gatherings and the spread of respiratory infections. Lessons from the Hajj. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2016;13(6):759-765. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201511-772FR.
  8. Tunali V, Turgay N. The Concept of travel medicine and the actual situation of travel-related illnesses. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2017;41(2):114-118. doi: 10.5152/tpd.2017.5213.
  9. Díaz-Menéndez M, de la Calle-Prieto F, Arsuaga M, et al. Hotline for Zika virus: experience of a tropical and travel medicine unit. Gac Sanit. 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.04.003.
  10. Katanami Y, Kutsuna S, Taniguchi S, et al. Detection of Zika virus in a traveller from Vietnam to Japan. J Travel Med. 2017;24(5). doi: 10.1093/jtm/tax031.
  11. Summers DJ, Acosta RW, Acosta AM. Zika virus in an American recreational traveler. J Travel Med. 2015;22(5):338-340. doi: 10.1111/jtm.12208.
  12. Wiwanitkit V. Zika virus infection among travelers departing from Thailand. Ann Trop Med Public Health. 2016;9(6):415. doi: 10.4103/1755-6783.193950.
  13. Mier-Y-Teran-Romero L, Tatem AJ, Johansson MA. Mosquitoes on a plane: Disinsection will not stop the spread of vectorborne pathogens, a simulation study. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11(7):e0005683. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005683.