The First ALS Ambulance in the World

Document Type : Review Article


1 SOS Hungary Medical Service, Budapest, Hungary

2 Hungarian National Emergency Service, Kresz Géza Rescue Museum, Budapest, Hungary


The survival rate of medical emergencies depends highly on the intervention time and prompt medical care on the scene. The idea of “bring the doctor and medical equipment to the spot” was born in Hungary in the mid-1950s. The demand for advanced life support was a consequence of the fast growth of industry and traffic. It is worthwhile to review the development of the idea, the therapeutic methods, and the devices used by medical emergency and rescue services based on the example of the Hungarian model. What based on the highly trained medical team and the state-of-art medical devices respectively. In this study, the researchers collected and described the contemporary memorabilia of the Hungarian Emergency Services and compared them with the existing ideas and ambulance types in the world. The basic ideas and their adaptation into practice are also reviewed. The increasing demand for the soonest possible medical treatment can be claimed the reason for special ambulances with special teams and equipment. The all-purpose ambulance proved to be the most appropriate solution to the problem. The first ambulance of this kind was first used in Hungary.


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